Tunisian Institutional Reform (Reform), a Tunisian non-governmental and non-profit organization pushing for institutional transparency and accountability within the security sector in Tunisia, conducted polls in July and August 2014 to determine attitudes of Tunisians toward the security situation and the security sector. There were two major purposes to this survey: to give a look at the hard numbers behind the general lack of security that is often felt within Tunisia, and to create a benchmark for the Tunisian security outlook that can be used comparatively with future surveys. The poll was conducted via phone interviews, 1150 people were selected by the quota method respecting five control variables: age (3 slices), gender (2), region (7 regions declared by the National institute accurately), and the level of study.
Within the course of the surveys, some interesting trends emerged. The majority of Tunisians, across regions, said that security was the number one priority, with 67% in the country-wide survey ranking it first. This is compared to the 25% who chose corruption and the 7% who said the economic situation is the most pressing.
Compared to the survey of May and June, we found that the percentage of the people who consider the security and counter terrorism as a top priority has increased from 56% to 67% compared to the survey of May and June of the same year.
The surveys also asked people to rate their perceptions of their own security. The whole-country survey shows that 9.8% feel very insecure, 6.7% feel insecure, 57.6% feel secure, and 26% feel very secure. Overall though, Tunisians feel things are likely to improve: 85% overall expressed optimism about the security situation.
However the percentage of people who describe them selves as very secure decrease from 27.6% to 26 % comparing to the months of May and June , the level of optimism increase from 79.7% to 85%.
In terms of the security entities themselves, the army still enjoys a great deal of trust from the populace, with 74% across the country calling it “very trustworthy.” This result was less than 2% than the survey of May and June that was 76%. Other security institutions did not fair quite as well, although public trust is still broad. The National Guard were declared by the public to be “very trustworthy” with 38.2% of Tunisians choosing this option. The level of Trust in the civil police decrease. In fact, 16.1% expressed that they are ‘not trustworthy or not trustworthy at all, but we found in the immediate one that 20.6%, and 15.4% of the country overall—saying they did not know if they trusted them or not. Finally, the Police enjoy high trust levels as well, with 51.4% across the country expressing that they are “fairly” trustworthy which is highest than the level of May-June’s survey with 5%.
31.9 % of the Tunisian public do not trust the minister of the interior.